Oral and Dental care - Reference Aesthetic

Oral and Dental care


Oral and Dental Care

Bacteria are found in air, water, food, and in our mouth. The bacterial plaque settles in the teeth and surrounding tissues and negatively affects oral health. Teeth and surrounding tissues (gums, tongue, lips, and cheeks) are suitable areas for bacterial accumulation. Bacterial plaques affect the surrounding tissues and indirectly the teeth, through caries, calculus, and gingivitis. If the leftovers left after feeding are not removed from the oral environment, the bacteria plates start acid production on organized waste immediately.

What is gingivitis?

Although it is not known in society, the most common disease in humans is gingivitis or gingivitis. Only its severity is different for everyone. Gingivitis (gingivitis) occurs with bleeding in the gums, swelling, shine, redness, itching, bad taste and smell in the mouth.
Oral hygiene is very important for the prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis in advanced cases (inflammation of all support around the teeth, bone and connective tissues). It should be brushed after meals at least twice a day. Brushing should be done as recommended by the dentist. Using dental floss once a day is a must for oral care. The important thing is physical cleaning.

What should be considered when brushing teeth?

Fluoride toothpaste should be preferred when brushing teeth. It is necessary to apply brush or tongue cleaners on tissues such as tongue and cheeks during brushing. There is also an accumulation of plaque in these tissues. Using mouthwash is up to the preference of the person. It is a useful supportive care product. The person should go to the dentist twice a year with cleaning at home. Accumulated dental stones should be cleaned regularly. In regular dentist checks, incompatible or incorrect treatments should be replaced with those that are compatible with the mouth tissues and without problems. Incompatible treatments also adversely affect oral health by providing an environment suitable for bacterial plaque.


Teeth are exposed to many different physicals, chemical and biological effects in the mouth environment. It consists of a connective tissue called pulp consisting of teeth, veins, and nerves in its center, a hard dentin layer surrounding this tissue and a much harder and protective enamel layer outside. Physical abrasive forces, foods, toothbrushes, etc. applied by the teeth to each other. The protective enamel layer on the outside of the teeth is damaged due to the bacteria secreted in the mouth environment or the nutrients taken by nutrition, temperature changes or exposure to stomach acids. The dentin layer just below is more resistant to external factors. The bacteria can easily pass this layer and reach the living pulp layer of the tooth. Accordingly, an inflammatory process begins in the pulp. The blood pressure changes due to the amount of blood created by the pulp's defensive effort, and it can manifest itself as sensitivity at first and then turn into severe pain.
When the pulp is not equipped and protected with blood vessels, the body's defensive cells are inadequate and the inflammatory process develops rapidly. Another reason for inflammation to occur is that the tooth is exposed to serious trauma. Hard blows can cause tooth fractures and cause the pulp to come into contact with bacteria. Even if the tooth is not broken, trauma can cause damage to the nerves at the root end of the tooth and the inflammatory process to start. All these painful pictures cause necrosis in the tooth and lead to the formation of lesions that spread around the tooth root.
In such cases, there are 2 ways to eliminate the problem. These are tooth extraction or treatment to keep it in the mouth. It is the first and foremost purpose to preserve natural teeth and stay in the mouth. This treatment is called root canal treatment (which we can also call teeth surgery somewhere).

Canal treatment is done in what situations?

Canal treated teeth lose their vitality and may weaken. Because of this, the tooth may become brittle. There are several methods to reduce its fragility as a result of the weakening of the tooth. In other words, it would not be correct to see canal treatment as a harmful method or loss of teeth. In contrast, in some cases, root canal treatment is the only way to prevent tooth loss and remain in the patient's mouth for many years.
Dental caries does not always cause pain. Even if the bruise is too deep, the pain may not have started yet or the pain may not occur because the patient's pain threshold is high. In such cases, while the caries is cleaned from the tooth with the intervention of the physician, the pulp layer of the tooth can be reached and the canal treatment can be continued. That is, canal treatment is not only done on the aching tooth. If the doctor deems it necessary, canal treatment can be performed without pain.

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